Ursula Johnson, Ph. D., University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth)
Bethanie S. Van Horne, Dr.PH., University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth)
Cathy Guttentag, Ph.D., University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth)
Janelle Montroy, Ph.D., University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth)
Jeffrey Williams, Ph.D., University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth)
Description of the Project:
Understanding how to provide children with an early foundation in school readiness skills is critical, as many states estimate that half of their students arrive at kindergarten already far behind where they need to be to have a good chance at succeeding in school. Children from lower socioeconomic status (SES) backgrounds consistently perform significantly worse than children from higher SES backgrounds. Therefore, the purpose of this project is to adapt two research-based parent and teacher interventions, Play and Learning Strategies (PALS) and Beginning Education: Early Childcare at Home (BEECH), to examine the benefit to low-income infants’ and toddlers’ language, cognitive, and social-emotional development as well as self-regulation skills.
We will determine whether raising the quality of parent and teacher responsive behaviors across both the home and Early Head Start (EHS) center-based classroom settings result in an added benefit to children’s learning and development, compared to no intervention in either setting. In the first year, we will adapt the interventions for the EHS center-based setting and for a hybrid delivery format with collaboration from EHS staff and families. Across years 2 – 4, 55 classrooms will be randomized to receive PALS and BEECH vs “business as usual” practices. Three hundred thirty three (333) consented children will be randomly selected and assessed. In year 5, we will analyze data, write reports, and develop a sustainability kit to support future EHS center-based programs and child care centers to easily implement the interventions in their settings.
Participants will include 55 Early Head Start classroom teachers and 330 Early Head Start parent-child dyads.
Houston and San Antonio, Texas